Biosciences Chapter 1

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Similarities and differences among/between life-forms over time are most efficiently recorded by scientists in which field(s) of study?

Answer:
a)  paleontology
b)  paleontology and anatomy
c)  paleontology, anatomy, and taxonomy
d)  paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, and genetics
e)  paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology
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  • Why is the theme of evolution considered to be the core theme of biology by biologists?
    a)It provides a framework within which all biological investigation makes sense.
    b)It is recognized as the core theme of biology by organizations such as the National Science Foundation.
    c)Controversy about this theory provides a basis for a great deal of experimental research.
    d)Since it cannot be proven, biologists will be able to study evolutionary possibilities for many years
    e)Biologists do not subscribe to alternative models.
    a)Biologists do not subscribe to alternative models.
  • The method of scientific inquiry that describes natural structures and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and the analysis of data is known as


    a)hypothesis-based science.
    b)discovery science
    c)experimental science.
    d)quantitative science.
    e)qualitative science.
    b)qualitative science.
  • Collecting data based on observation is an example of ________; analyzing this data to reach a conclusion is an example of ________ reasoning.
    a)hypothesis-based science; inductive
    b)the process of science; deductive
    c)discovery science; inductive
    d)descriptive science; deductive
    e)hypothesis-based science; deductive
    c)hypothesis-based science; deductive
  • When applying the process of science, which of these is tested?


    a)a question
    b)a result
    c)an observation
    d)a prediction
    e)) a hypothesis
    d)) a hypothesis
  • A controlled experiment is one in which
    a)the experiment is repeated many times to ensure that the results are accurate.
    b)the experiment proceeds at a slow pace to guarantee that the scientist can carefully observe all reactions and process all experimental data.
    c)there are at least two groups, one of which does not receive the experimental treatment.
    d)there are at least two groups, one differing from the other by two or more variables.
    e)there is one group for which the scientist controls all variables.
    c)there is one group for which the scientist controls all variables.
  • Why is it important that an experiment include a control group?
    a)The control group is the group that the researcher is in control of, the group in which the researcher predetermines the results.
    b)The control group provides a reserve of experimental subjects.
    c)A control group is required for the development of an "If…then" statement.
    d)A control group assures that an experiment will be repeatable.
    e)Without a control group, there is no basis for knowing if a particular result is due to the variable being tested.
    e)Without a control group, there is no basis for knowing if a particular result is due to the variable being tested.
  • The application of scientific knowledge for some specific purpose is known as


    a)technology.
    b)deductive science.
    c)inductive science.
    d)anthropologic science.
    e)pure science.
    a)pure science.
  • Which of the following are qualities of any good scientific hypothesis?

    I. It is testable.

    II. It is falsifiable.

    III. It produces quantitative data.

    IV. It produces results that can be replicated.


    a)A) I only
    b)B) II only
    c)C) III only
    d)D) I and II
    e)E) III and IV
    d)E) III and IV
  • When a hypothesis cannot be written in an "If…then" format, what does this mean?
    a)It does not represent deductive reasoning.
    b)It cannot be a scientific hypothesis.
    c)The subject cannot be explored scientifically.
    d)The hypothesizer does not have sufficient information.
    e)It cannot be testable.
    a)It cannot be testable.
  • In presenting data that result from an experiment, a group of students show that most of their measurements fall on a straight diagonal line on their graph. However, two of their data points are "outliers" and fall far to one side of the expected relationship. What should they do?
    a)Do not show these points but write a footnote that the graph represents the correct data.
    b)Average several trials and therefore rule out the improbable results.
    c)Show all results obtained and then try to explore the reason(s) for these outliers.
    d)Throw out this set of data and try again.
    e)Change the details of the experiment until they can obtain the expected results.
    c)Change the details of the experiment until they can obtain the expected results.
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Biosciences Chapter 1
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Free Quiz Question From Biosciences Chapter 1
Question: Similarities and differences among/between life-forms over time are most efficiently recorded by scientists in which field(s) of study?
Answer:
paleontology
paleontology and anatomy
paleontology, anatomy, and taxonomy
paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, and genetics
paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology