Biosciences Chapter 1

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What is the major difference between a kingdom and a domain?

Answer:
a)  A kingdom can include several subgroups known as domains.
b)  All eukarya belong to one domain.
c)  All prokaryotes belong to one domain.
d)  The importance of fungi has led scientists to make them the whole of one domain.
e)  ) Only organisms that produce their own food belong to one of the domains.
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  • Which of the following best describes what occurred after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species?


    a)The book received little attention except from a small scientific community.
    b)The book was banned from schools.
    c)The book was widely discussed and disseminated.
    d)The book's authorship was disputed.
    e)The book was discredited by most scientists.
    c)The book was discredited by most scientists.
  • Why is Darwin considered original in his thinking?


    a)) He provided examples of organisms that had evolved over time.
    b)) He demonstrated that evolution is continuing to occur now.
    c)) He described the relationship between genes and evolution.
    d)He proposed the mechanism that explained how evolution takes place.
    e)He observed that organisms produce large numbers of offspring.
    d)He observed that organisms produce large numbers of offspring.
  • Darwin's finches, collected from the Galápagos Islands, illustrate which of the following?
    a)mutation frequency
    b)ancestors from different regions
    c)adaptive radiation
    d)vestigial anatomic structures
    e)the accuracy of the fossil record
    c)the accuracy of the fossil record
  • Which of the following categories of organisms is least likely to be revised?
    a)kingdom
    b)class
    c)order
    d)phylum
    e)species
    e)species
  • What is the major distinguishing characteristic of fungi?
    a)gaining nutrition through ingestion
    b)being sedentary
    c)being prokaryotic
    d)absorbing dissolved nutrients
    e)being decomposers of dead organisms
    e)being decomposers of dead organisms
  • What are archaea?


    a)Prokaryotes characterized as extremophiles that share some bacterial and some eukaryotic traits.
    b)Organisms that are adapted to high temperature environments, such as in volcanic springs.
    c)Single-celled organisms that are killed by the application of antibiotics at certain concentrations
    d)Bacteria-like organisms that can live only in extreme salt environments.
    e)Primitive protist-like creatures possessing fewer than two chromosomes per cell.
    a)Primitive protist-like creatures possessing fewer than two chromosomes per cell.
  • According to Darwinian theory, which of the following exhibits the greatest fitness for evolutionary success?
    a)the species with the longest life
    b)the individuals within a population that have the greatest reproductive success
    c)the phylum with members that occupy the greatest number of habitats
    d)the community of organisms that is capable of living in the most nutrient-poor biome
    e)the organism that produces its own nutrients most efficiently
    b)the organism that produces its own nutrients most efficiently
  • Similarities and differences among/between life-forms over time are most efficiently recorded by scientists in which field(s) of study?
    a)paleontology
    b)paleontology and anatomy
    c)paleontology, anatomy, and taxonomy
    d)paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, and genetics
    e)paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology
    e)paleontology, anatomy, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology
  • Why is the theme of evolution considered to be the core theme of biology by biologists?
    a)It provides a framework within which all biological investigation makes sense.
    b)It is recognized as the core theme of biology by organizations such as the National Science Foundation.
    c)Controversy about this theory provides a basis for a great deal of experimental research.
    d)Since it cannot be proven, biologists will be able to study evolutionary possibilities for many years
    e)Biologists do not subscribe to alternative models.
    a)Biologists do not subscribe to alternative models.
  • The method of scientific inquiry that describes natural structures and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and the analysis of data is known as


    a)hypothesis-based science.
    b)discovery science
    c)experimental science.
    d)quantitative science.
    e)qualitative science.
    b)qualitative science.
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Biosciences Chapter 1
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Free Quiz Question From Biosciences Chapter 1
Question: What is the major difference between a kingdom and a domain?
Answer:
A kingdom can include several subgroups known as domains.
All eukarya belong to one domain.
All prokaryotes belong to one domain.
The importance of fungi has led scientists to make them the whole of one domain.
) Only organisms that produce their own food belong to one of the domains.