Biosciences Chapter 1

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Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for descent with modification that stated that organisms of a particular species are adapted to their environment when they possess

Answer:
a)  non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival in the local environment.
b)  non-inheritable traits that enhance their reproductive success in the local environment.
c)  non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
d)  inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
e)  inheritable traits that decrease their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
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  • Scott Diaz
    Which of these individuals is likely to be most successful in an evolutionary sense?
    a)a reproductively sterile individual who never falls ill
    b)an organism that dies after five days of life but leaves 10 offspring, all of whom survive to reproduce
    c)a male who mates with 20 females and fathers one offspring
    d)an organism that lives 100 years and leaves two offspring, both of whom survive to reproduce
    e)a female who mates with 20 males and produces one offspring that lives to reproduce
    b)a female who mates with 20 males and produces one offspring that lives to reproduce
  • Scott Diaz

    In a hypothetical world, every 50 years people over 6 feet tall are eliminated from the population before they reproduce. Based on your knowledge of natural selection, you would predict that the average height of the human population will


    a)remain unchanged.
    b)gradually decline.
    c)rapidly decline.
    d)gradually increase.
    e)) rapidly increase.
    b)) rapidly increase.
  • Scott Diaz

    Through time, the lineage that led to modern whales shows a change from four-limbed land animals to aquatic animals with two limbs that function as flippers. This change is best explained by


    a)natural philosophy.
    b)creationism.
    c)the hierarchy of the biological organization of life.
    d)natural selection.
    e)feedback inhibition.
    d)feedback inhibition.
  • Scott Diaz

    What is the major difference between a kingdom and a domain?


    a)A kingdom can include several subgroups known as domains.
    b)All eukarya belong to one domain.
    c)All prokaryotes belong to one domain.
    d)The importance of fungi has led scientists to make them the whole of one domain.
    e)) Only organisms that produce their own food belong to one of the domains.
    b)) Only organisms that produce their own food belong to one of the domains.
  • Scott Diaz

    Which of the following best describes what occurred after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species?


    a)The book received little attention except from a small scientific community.
    b)The book was banned from schools.
    c)The book was widely discussed and disseminated.
    d)The book's authorship was disputed.
    e)The book was discredited by most scientists.
    c)The book was discredited by most scientists.
  • Scott Diaz

    Why is Darwin considered original in his thinking?


    a)) He provided examples of organisms that had evolved over time.
    b)) He demonstrated that evolution is continuing to occur now.
    c)) He described the relationship between genes and evolution.
    d)He proposed the mechanism that explained how evolution takes place.
    e)He observed that organisms produce large numbers of offspring.
    d)He observed that organisms produce large numbers of offspring.
  • Scott Diaz
    Darwin's finches, collected from the Galápagos Islands, illustrate which of the following?
    a)mutation frequency
    b)ancestors from different regions
    c)adaptive radiation
    d)vestigial anatomic structures
    e)the accuracy of the fossil record
    c)the accuracy of the fossil record
  • Scott Diaz
    Which of the following categories of organisms is least likely to be revised?
    a)kingdom
    b)class
    c)order
    d)phylum
    e)species
    e)species
  • Scott Diaz
    What is the major distinguishing characteristic of fungi?
    a)gaining nutrition through ingestion
    b)being sedentary
    c)being prokaryotic
    d)absorbing dissolved nutrients
    e)being decomposers of dead organisms
    e)being decomposers of dead organisms
  • Scott Diaz

    What are archaea?


    a)Prokaryotes characterized as extremophiles that share some bacterial and some eukaryotic traits.
    b)Organisms that are adapted to high temperature environments, such as in volcanic springs.
    c)Single-celled organisms that are killed by the application of antibiotics at certain concentrations
    d)Bacteria-like organisms that can live only in extreme salt environments.
    e)Primitive protist-like creatures possessing fewer than two chromosomes per cell.
    a)Primitive protist-like creatures possessing fewer than two chromosomes per cell.
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Biosciences Chapter 1
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Question: Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for descent with modification that stated that organisms of a particular species are adapted to their environment when they possess
Answer:
non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival in the local environment.
non-inheritable traits that enhance their reproductive success in the local environment.
non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
inheritable traits that decrease their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.