Biosciences Chapter 1

Last Updated By Scott Diaz on 05/05/2012
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Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells generally have which of the following features in common?

Answer:
a)  a membrane-bounded nucleus
b)  a cell wall made of cellulose
c)  ribosomes
d)  flagella or cilia that contain microtubules
e)  linear chromosomes
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  • Prokaryotes are classified as belonging to two different domains. What are the domains
    a)Bacteria and Eukarya
    b)Archaea and Monera
    c)Eukarya and Monera
    d)Bacteria and Protista
    e)Bacteria and Archaea
    e)Bacteria and Archaea
  • Global warming, as demonstrated by observations such as melting of glaciers, increasing CO2 levels, and increasing average ambient temperatures, has already had many effects on living organisms. Which of the following might best offer a solution to this problem?
    a)Continue to measure these and other parameters of the problem
    b)Increase the abilities of animals to migrate to more suitable habitats
    c)Do nothing; nature will attain its own balance
    d)Limit the burning of fossil fuels and regulate our loss of forested areas
    e)Recycle as much as possible
    d)Recycle as much as possible
  • A water sample from a hot thermal vent contained a single-celled organism that had a cell wall but lacked a nucleus. What is its most likely classification?
    a)Eukarya
    b)Archaea
    c)Animalia
    d)Protista
    e)Fungi
    b)Fungi
  • A filamentous organism has been isolated from decomposing organic matter. This organism has a cell wall but no chloroplasts. How would you classify this organism?
    a)domain bacteria, kingdom prokaryota
    b)domain archaea, kingdom bacteria
    c)domain eukarya, kingdom plantae
    d)domain eukarya, kingdom protista
    e)domain eukarya, kingdom fungi
    e)domain eukarya, kingdom fungi
  • Which of these provides evidence of the common ancestry of all life?
    a)ubiquitous use of catalysts by living systems
    b)near universality of the genetic code
    c)structure of the nucleus
    d)structure of cilia
    e)structure of cholorplasts
    b)structure of cholorplasts
  • Which of the following is true of natural selection
    a)it requires genetic variation
    b)it results in descent with modifications
    c)it involves differential reproductive success
    d)it results in descent with modification and involves differential reproductive success
    e)it requires genetic variation, results in descent with modification, and involves differential reproductive sucess
    e)it requires genetic variation, results in descent with modification, and involves differential reproductive sucess
  • Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for descent with modification that stated that organisms of a particular species are adapted to their environment when they possess


    a)non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival in the local environment.
    b)non-inheritable traits that enhance their reproductive success in the local environment.
    c)non-inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
    d)inheritable traits that enhance their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
    e)inheritable traits that decrease their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
    d)inheritable traits that decrease their survival and reproductive success in the local environment.
  • Which of these individuals is likely to be most successful in an evolutionary sense?
    a)a reproductively sterile individual who never falls ill
    b)an organism that dies after five days of life but leaves 10 offspring, all of whom survive to reproduce
    c)a male who mates with 20 females and fathers one offspring
    d)an organism that lives 100 years and leaves two offspring, both of whom survive to reproduce
    e)a female who mates with 20 males and produces one offspring that lives to reproduce
    b)a female who mates with 20 males and produces one offspring that lives to reproduce
  • In a hypothetical world, every 50 years people over 6 feet tall are eliminated from the population before they reproduce. Based on your knowledge of natural selection, you would predict that the average height of the human population will


    a)remain unchanged.
    b)gradually decline.
    c)rapidly decline.
    d)gradually increase.
    e)) rapidly increase.
    b)) rapidly increase.
  • Through time, the lineage that led to modern whales shows a change from four-limbed land animals to aquatic animals with two limbs that function as flippers. This change is best explained by


    a)natural philosophy.
    b)creationism.
    c)the hierarchy of the biological organization of life.
    d)natural selection.
    e)feedback inhibition.
    d)feedback inhibition.
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Biosciences Chapter 1
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Free Quiz Question From Biosciences Chapter 1
Question: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells generally have which of the following features in common?
Answer:
a membrane-bounded nucleus
a cell wall made of cellulose
ribosomes
flagella or cilia that contain microtubules
linear chromosomes