Viewing All Flashcards for Academic Decathlon - Super Quiz
The French and Indian War
Droughts and mistakes made by the king and his advisors
The enumerated rights of the Bill of Rights applied to the federal government alone; state governments under the Bill of Rights did not necessarily have to uphold the same principles.
Educated commoners, such as lawyers and merchants
False; the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen limited the power of the French monarchy but did not abolish it.
They were isolated and often religiously homogenous.
The Revolution's failure to extend the rights of the Declaration of Man and Citizen to slaves and people of African origin living in the colony
Clergy were expected to be loyal to the National Assembly rather than the Pope.
The revolt in Saint-Domingue
War with France's neighbors
Other monarchs' fears that the Revolution would spread
It caused them to turn against the Revolution despite their social class.
Chaos from the war and domestic rebellion from those opposed to the Revolution
They were executed after being tried for treason.
The creation of a new religion
They suspected one another of being too moderate.
While the status of the wealthy middle class was protected during the early stages of the Revolution, the leaders of the radicalized Revolution became more intent on ending all forms of social inequality.
Abolished slavery, ended property qualifications for voting, and capped prices on certain commodities
They were weary of the increasing violence.
Those in Latin America and Greece
The judges stated that individuals should not be isolated and wholly independent.
That of a father to his children
To serve as an economic unit
False; orphans and widows unable to move in with relatives were frequently destined for dire poverty.
They were closely monitored by the authorities.
They viewed them as potential criminals.
False; while some French peasants were very poor, others were relatively prosperous.
A variety of social conditions—sometimes town-dwellers in general, sometimes the wealthier population of a town
False; under the feudal system, peasants had to turn over a portion of their crops to the nobility.
To allow the mothers of the babies to work, instead of having to nurse the children
Husbands, wives, and children
Arbitrary arrest warrants
The family name and honor
To punish relatives whose behavior threatened their family's honor
It involved rumors that Marie Antoinette had committed adultery.
The wealthy bourgeoisie and aristocrats
Affection between husbands and wives and motherly devotion towards raising children (as opposed to working)
False; even among the wealthier classes, most families were not characterized by deep emotional ties.
To keep a family's wealth together and to maintain its social status
Having extramarital affairs
A philosopher and a writer
Only priesthood; peasants had to walk to the nearest town to find craftsmen, lawyers, doctors, and government officials
The decision was made by the village as a community.
To preserve forests needed for firewood and to pasture livestock
The wealthier peasants in a village
The lord of a feudal estate
Wealthy peasants in a nearby village
By renting draft animals from wealthier peasants
Restif de la Bretonne's father
Restif's father financed part of their education.
False; most poor peasants in 18th-century France did not have enough property to sustain themselves and were forced to supplement their income by doing other work.
They migrated to Paris for part of the year to work on construction projects.
Historians recognize that 18th-century French peasants were better off than peasants elsewhere in Europe at the time.
By working as day laborers for wealthier peasants, migrating to other regions of the country to do work, or working as share-croppers for urban property owners
False; 18th-century French peasants were painfully aware of the luxury enjoyed by the clergy, aristocracy, and bourgeoisie at their expense.
Cabarets, or drinking bars
They underwent some formal education.
His father and several relatives were also glaziers.
He went on a tour of France.
A journeyman's brotherhood
Ménétra's compagnonnage provided shelter for him in its hostels and integrated him into the local economy.
Master craftsmen (such as Jacques-Louis Ménétra)
Government regulations, guild rules, and scarce capital
If they survived their husbands
Only a few female professionals, such as seamstresses, were organized into guilds.
A few utensils, some furniture, and perhaps a mirror
Managing money and providing food and shelter for their own families as well as journeymen and apprentices living with their husbands
False; women never were permitted to go on the journeyman's tour de France.
A lifetime of service under another master; few journeymen became master craftsmen
A member of the bourgeoisie who did not have to work but instead was sustained by his property and investments
Master artisans and merchants
There were more of the working poor than there were beggars, prostitutes, and criminals.
Though the bourgeoisie could accumulate wealth to equal that of the nobility, they lacked a legal guarantee of their lifestyle.
Lawyers were more prestigious than doctors.
Bourgeoisie children achieved almost universal literacy slightly before their noble counterparts.
Houses or apartments with several rooms and more furniture
Both the sons and daughters of the bourgeoisie were literate and educated; however, female children received less education than their male counterparts.
Bourgeoisie men could enter educated professions, which were closed to women, but wives of merchants could perform duties similar to those of the wives of artisans.
Prosperous bourgeoisie invested in royal bonds.
They bought government offices that eventually gave them titles.
"nobles of the sword," or militarily inclined members of the nobility
Prosperous merchant families who had slowly accumulated titles and the requisite hereditary privilege
Nobles whose privileges were based on their membership in the parlements.
The rights to have a weathervane, claim special seating in church, wear a sword, and raise doves and rabbits
The basic head tax in 18th-century France
False; nobles were discouraged from engaging in most branches of trade and manufacturing.