Viewing All Flashcards for Medical Terminology
To lessen, ease, decrease, or cease. Used to note the lessening of pain or the decrease in severity of symptoms.
Ab - away from norm - rule-al - pertaining toPertaining to away from the norm or rule. A condition that is considered to be not normal.
Localized collection of pus, which may occur in part of the body.
Sudden, sharp, severe; used to describe a disease that has a sudden onset, sever symptoms, and a short course.
Adhes - stuck to -ion - process Literally means a process of being stuck together. Example - abdominal adhesion
Carrying impulses away toward a center.
Condition of being able to walk, not confined to bed.
Substance given to counteract poisons and their effects.
Anti-againstpyret - fever-ic - pertaining to.Pertaining to an agent that is used to lower an elevated body temperature. (fever)
Anti- againstsept - putrefaction-ic - pertaining to Pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis (putrefaction); a technique or product used to prevent or limit infections.
Anti - against tuss - cough -ive - nature of, quality of Pertaining to an agent that works against coughing.
Condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent.
A- without -sepsis - decay Without decay; sterile, free from all living microorganisms.
An apparatus that sterilizes instruments and items using steam under pressure (15lbs of pressure/in) to reach a heat of 250 degrees to 254 degrees for a specified time, such as 30 min. for single wrapped items.
Auto - self nom - law -y - condition Condition of being self-governed; to function independently.
Axill - armpit -ary - pertaining to Pertaining to the armpit.
Bi - life -opsy - to view Surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination; used to determine a diagnosis of cancer or other disease processes in the body.
Cac- bad -ia - condition Condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary TB.
Centi - one hundred/hundredth -grade - a stepLiterally means having 100 steps or degrees; unit of temperature measurement (C) with a boiling point of 100 and a freezing point of 0. Each degree of temperature change is 0.01 (1/100) of the scale.
Centi - one hundred/hundredth -meter - measure Unit of measurement in the metric system; one hundredth of a meter.
Centr/i - center-fuge - to flee Device used in a lab to separate solids from liquids.
Chem/o - chemicaltherapy - treatment The use of chemical agents in the treatment of disease, specifically drugs used in cancer therapy .
Pertaining to time; denotes a disease with little change or of slow progression; the opposite of acute.
Dia - through -gnosis - knowledge Determination of the cause and nature of the disease.
Dia - through -phoresis - to carry To carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating.
Literally means lack of ease; a pathological condition of the body that presents with a series of symptoms, signs, and lab findings peculiar to it and sets it apart from normal or other abnormal body states; can be congenital, infectious, or the failure of normal activity to maintain an sustain health.
Dis - apart infect - to infect -ant - forming Chemical substance that can be applied to objects to destroy pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria.
Carrying impulses away from a center.
The ability to sense intellectually and emotionally the feelings of another person.
Epi - upondem - people -ic - pertaining to Pertaining to among the people; the rapid, widespread occurrence of an infectious disease that can be spread by any pathological organism transmitted from humans, birds, insects, etc.
Eti/o - cause -logy - study of Study of the causes of disease.
Ex - out cis - to cut -ion - processProcess of cutting out; surgical removal.
Pertaining to fever, a sustained body temperature above 98.6 degrees F.
Unit of weight in the metric system; a cubic centimeter or a milliliter of water is equal to the weight of a gram.
Hetero - different gene - formation, produce -ous - pertaining to Literally means pertaining to a different formation; composed of unlike substances; the opposite of homogenous.
In - in, intocis - to cut-ion - process Process of cutting into.
Kil/o - a thousand -gram - a weight Unit of weight in the metric system; 1000 g; a kilogram is equal to 2.2lb.
Unit of volume in the metric system; 1000mL; a liter is equal to 33.8 fl oz or 1.0567 qt.
Macr/o - large scop - to examine - ic - pertaining to Pertaining to objects large enough to be examined by the naked eye.
A general feeling of discomfort, uneasiness, often felt by a patient who has a chronic disease.
Mal - bad format - a shaping -ion - process Literally means a process of being badly shaped, deformed; a structural defect that fails to form normal shape and therefore can affect the function. For example, a cleft lip.
Malign - bad kind -ant - forming Literally means formation of a bad kind; growing worse, harmful, cancerous.
Maxim - greatest -al - pertaining to Pertaining to the greatest possible quantity number, or degree.
Micro-small -gram - a weight Unit of weight in the metric system. 0.001 mg
Micro - smallorgan - organ-ism - condition Small living organisms that are not visible to the naked eye.
Micro - small -scope - instrument for examining Scientific instrument designed to view small objects.
Milli - one-thousandth -gram - a weight Unit of measurement; 0.001 g
Unit of volume in the metric system; 0.001 L
Minim - least -al - pertaining to Pertaining to the least possible quantity, number, or degree.
Multi - many, much -form - shapeOccuring in or having many shapes; an object that has more than one defined shape.
Necr - death -osis - condition Abnormal condition of tissue death.
Neo - new -pathy - disease New diease.
Onc/o - tumor-logy - study of Study of tumors; study of etiology, the characteristics, treatments, etc., of cancer.
Palm - plam -ar - pertaining toPertaining to the palm of the hand.
Para- beside -centesis - surgical puncture Surgical puncture of a body cavity for fluid removal.
Pro- before -gnosis - knowledge State of foreknowledge; prediction of the course of a disease and the recovery rate of the affected person.
Prophylact - guarding -ic - pertaining toPertaining to preventing or protecting against disease or pregnancy.
Pyr/o heat, fire -genic - formation produce Pertaining to the production of heat; a fever.
Radi/o - ray, x-ray-logy - study of Study of x-rays and other imaging modalities that use x-rays.
Relationship of understanding between two individuals, esp. between the patient and the physician.
Syn- together, with-drome - that which runs together. A group of signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a specific disease or pathological condition.
Therm/o - hot, heat - meter - instrument to measure An instrument used to measure degree of heat, esp. the temperature of a person.
Top/o - place -graphy - recording Description of a body part in relation to the anatomic region in which it is located.
A system of prioritizing and classifying patient injuries to determine priority of need and treatment.