Viewing All Flashcards for Ch.7 Exploration & Expansion
Method of inquiry that includes carefully conducted experiments and mathematical calculations to verify the results o experiments.
Theory according to Hellenistic thinker Ptolemy that Earth is the center of the universe.
Theory developed by Copernicus that the sun is the center of the universe.
An English philosopher, a scientist of the 1200s, and an Francism Monk who studied at Oxford and Paris.
The change of thoughts that occured in the 1500s and the 1600s caused by scientific observation, experimentation and te questioning of traditional opinions.
A Polish Scientist that developed the theory that the sun is the center of the universe.
English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation;
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars.
English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion.
An anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy.
French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions
An English philosopher and scientist that lived around the same time as Descartes and believed that scientific theories could only be developed through observation.
Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy
Navigational instrument for finding directions
An business organization that was developed during the Commercial Revolution were owners raised money by selling shares, or stock, in the company.