Viewing All Flashcards for Chapter 7 Exploration and Expansion
The scientific method is a method of inquiry and carefully conducted expirements.
The geocentric theory was according to Hellinistic thinker Ptolemy that earth is the center of the universe.
The heliocentric theory was developed by Copernicus that the sun was the center of the universe.
He was an English philosopher and scientist of the 1200's.
It was where people began using expirements and mathematics to understand mysteries.
He was a great polish scientist who is viewed as the founder of modern astronomy.
He was a German astronomer that helped Galileo Galilei prove that Copernicus' theory that the sun is the center of the universe was true.
He was the inventor of the first telescope.
He published a book building on the work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo in 1687.
He was a Flemish scientist who heeded Da Vinci's words and pioneered on the study of anatomy.
She was a leader of the scientific revolution.
He believed that scientific theories could be proved but only through observation.
He helped pioneer the modern science of chemistry.
It was a navigational instument that used a magnet to point to the north.
It was a business organization developed during the Commercial Revolution in which owners raised money by selling shares, or stock, inside the company.
It was an economic theory stating that there is a fixed amount of money/wealth in the world and that in order to recieve a larger share one country has to take some wealth from another country.
It was a situation that exists when a country sells more than it buys.
They are imported taxes on foreign goods.
They are Government grants of money.
An era between the 1400's and 1750's when Europeans made major changes to their economies due to new exploration.
It was a system of trade that include 3 stages of trade,one of which was the slave trade.
He was known as "the navigator" because he was ordered to find gold for Portugal.
He sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa.
He sailed eastward across the Indean Ocean.
He was an Italian explorer and he is the person that discovered America.
It was the exchange between the "Old world" to the "New world".
It was a treaty saying that the line between Portugal and Spain would move farther West.
He was an italian navigator.
A Portugese navigator that sailed for Spain.
It was the shipment of slaves from the Atlantic to the Americas.
Spanish officials who represented the monarchy in Spains colonial empire.
Military technique relying on swift raids by small bands of soldiers.
He sailed northward toward what is now Florida.
He was captured by Hernan Cortes.
He led 180 men and 37 horses on an expedition.
He was one of the greatest kings.
He recieved all of Spain and all of its possessions.
He led a revolt against Philip II.