Viewing All Flashcards for Ch. 7 Exploration and Expansion
Method of inquiry that includes carefully conducted experiment and mathematical calculations to verify the result of experiments.
Theory according to hellenistic thinker ptolemy that Earth is the center of the universe.
Theory developed by Copernicus that the sun is the center of the universe.
Navigational instrument created in the 1300's that used a magnetic of metal that points to the north.
Business organization developed during the commercial revolution.
Economic theory stating that there is a fixed amount of wealth in the world
Import taxes on foreign goods.
Government grants of money.
Situation that exists when a country sells more goods than it buy's.
System of trade involving three stages.
Spanish officials who represents the monarchy in spanish colonial empire.
Military techniques relying on swift raids.
An english philosopher and scientist.
Transformation in thinking that occurred during the 1500's and 1600's caused by scientific observation, experimentation and the question of traditional opinions.
The great polish scientist is viewed today as the founder of modern astronomy. His heliocentric theory demonstrated that the earth is a moving planet and that is revolving around the sun.
German astronomer, he helped to prove that the copernicus theory was right so he published his law of planetary motion in 1609.
Italian Scientist, created the telescope and researched the heaven's.
Created the three laws of Newton, was an English scientist.
A Flemish scientist, published seven-volume book called "on the fabrics of the human body"
Was a leader of the scientific revolution, his ideas led to a great advance in mathematics, the science,and philosophy.
English philosopher and scientist lived around the time as descartes. he published " Novum Organum"
An English-Irish scientist, helped pioneer the modern science of chemistry, discovered the element oxygen in 1774.
Was the period when joint-stock company was invented, when banks started helping people more, and helped improve new exploration.
Was the prince of Portuguese Royal family. He was know as "The Navigator", Henry's explores claimed the Azores for Portuguese.
Sailed around the cope of good hope at the southern tip of africa. found a route to the Indian Ocean.
Used Dias route to sail across the Indian ocean. He landed in india in 1498.
Found a shorter to Asia, he was an Genoan navigator, founded islands in america
Was a massive exchange between the new-world and the old-world of the empire.
Between Spain and Portugal moved the line farther west.
An italian navigator, he thought he land he saw was connected to asia, so they called it America after him.
A Portuguese navigator sailing for spain, proved Balboa was correct. he was the one who named the pacific ocean
Was where they kept the slaves across the Atlantic to the americas.
(1460?-1521) was a Spanish explorer and soldier who was the first European to set foot in Florida. He also established the oldest European settlement in Puerto Rico and discovered the Gulf Stream (a current in the Atlantic Ocean). Ponce de Leon was searching for the legendary fountain of youth and other riches.
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish explorer who is famous mainly for his march across Mexico and his conquering of the Aztec Empire in Mexico.