Links back to the internal working model, suggests there is consistency between early emotional experiences and later relationships. Proposes that indiviuals who were securely attached continue to be securely attached in later relationships and infants were had been insecurely attached continued to be insecurely attached in all their relationships in later life.
What are the strengths of Bowlby attachement theory?
* Research by Lorenz backed up Bowbly theory on imprinting, because the goslings had an innate mechism for attachment, to attach to the first moving object they saw.
*Hodges and Tizards studies on attachment found children who formed no attachment in early life had difficulty with peers. This supports the sensitive period.
*Studies show attachment is universal, regardless of culture. This supports that theory that it is an adaption of evolution.
*Schaffer and emerson found infants with many attachments still maintained one main attachment and that attachment wasn't based on how often that person bathed or fed it, but the quality of the interaction. This supports monotrophy and hierachy.
*Schaffer and Emerson observed that strongly attached infants had mothers who responded more too them. Harlow found that monkey raised by immobile wire mothers had difficulty interacting with peers and became poor parents themselves. Carlson found that insenstive caregiving was assiciated with having physicological problems in adulthood. This supports the idea of importance of caregiver senstivity.
*The minnesota longitudinal study found that participents who were more securely attachment as infants showed greater social competancy and were far more socially skilled. This supports the idea of the continuity hypothesis.