AP Psychology: Social Psychology

Last update by Victoria on 09/30/2012
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What is deindividuation?

the social phenomenon in which people are more likely to behave irrationally and antisocially because they are less likely to be personally identified

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  • erin hays
    In 1964 Kitty Genovese was murdered by an assailant over the course of thirty minutes and three different attacks. During the attacks, 38 people either saw or heard them from their apartments, but no one helped or called the police. This famous case engendered the creation of what social psychology theory?
    diffusion of responsibility theory
  • erin hays
    What is the bystander effect?
    people are less likely to take action if other people are present
  • erin hays
    An old man is lying on the street. You are concerned as you walk by, but you look around and notice that none of the other passersby seem alarmed. You ultimately decide that there must not be anything to be concerned about and walk past the man without offering to help. This is an example of what social psychology theory?
    informational influence theory
  • erin hays
    Explain group polarization.
    a group discussion reinforces the majority's beliefs and ultimately alters the group's point of view or decision to an even more extreme position
  • erin hays
    What is groupthink?
    it occurs when the members of a group feel that it is more important that they agree on issues and stick together in group discussions than that they think critically and weigh alternatives
  • erin hays
    What does the frustration-aggression hypothesis state?
    that people become frustrated when they are somehow prevented from reaching their goals and react with anger or aggression
  • erin hays
    The original frustration-aggression hypothesis was later modified. What was the modification?
    that although people may become frustrated when they cannot reach their goals, and that frustration may lead to aggression, a number of social and cognitive factors could result in that aggression's not being expressed
  • erin hays
    One theory for controlling aggression involves catharsis. What is catharsis?
    an act of controlling aggression by releasing aggressive thoughts or energy via letting out strong negative emotions (This theory has very little scientific support.)
  • erin hays
    Albert Bandura introduced the social learning theory to explain acts of aggression. What did his theory state?
    that we learn aggression through modeling (by watching others act aggressively) and reinforcement (by observing how others treat us after we act aggressively)
  • erin hays
    Explain the door-in-the-face effect.
    a phenomenon in which people are more likely to agree to a small request after refusing a larger request
  • erin hays
    What is the halo effect?
    when people let their general perceptions of a person effect the way they rate a person's specific attributes They are more likely to think that a person they like overall is good at specific things and vice-versa.
AP Psychology  Social Psychology
AP Psychology: Social Psychology
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to review main concepts and theories of social psychology in preparation for the AP Psychology exam