Personality

Last update by Shanal on 10/28/2013
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Eysenck's hierarchical model of personality

Answer:
1. most strongly rooted in biology. model of personality based on traits that he believed were highly heritable and had a likely psychophysiological foundation. 3 main traits are : extraversion - introversion (E), neuroticism-emotional stability (N), and psychoticism (P)
PEN

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    2. agreeableness - withdraw from conflict, avoid unharmonious situations, like to negotiate, value cohesion
    3. conscientiousness - industrious, high GPA, job satisfaction
    4. emotional stability (neuroticism) - variable moods, fatigue, poor health, prone to PTSD
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    theoretical issues
    1. meaningful differences between individuals
    2. consistency over time
    3. consistency across situations
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    5. aggression
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    meaningful differences between individuals
    trait psychology = differential psychology, includes the study of other forms of individual differences in addition to personality traits such as, abilities, aptitudes, and intelligence.

    by combining a few primary traits in various amounts, they can distill the unique qualities of every individual and can accurately be measured
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    consistency over time
    many broad-based personality traits show considerable stability over time and has been supported by a large # of research studies

    the way in which a trait manifests itself in actual behavior might change substantially, rank order
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    consistency across situations
    trait psychologists have traditionally believed that people's personalities show consistency from situation to situation. NOT TRUE.

    if behavior differs from situation to situation, then it must be situational differences, rather than underlying personality traits, that determine behavior. - situationism
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    consistency across situations
    trait psychologists have traditionally believed that people's personalities show consistency from situation to situation. NOT TRUE.

    if behavior differs from situation to situation, then it must be situational differences, rather than underlying personality traits, that determine behavior. - situationism
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    trait psychologists have traditionally believed that people's personalities show consistency from situation to situation. NOT TRUE.

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    person-situational interaction
    behavior is a function of personality traits
    behavior is a function of situation

    personality and situation interact to produce behaviors. (differences between people make a difference only under certain circumstances)