developmental psych exam 3

Last update by Shanal on 10/27/2013
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Siegler's Adaptive Strategy Choice Model

children use multiple strategies, even if they know the one that is considered the most efficient, they will only start to solely use that one when it becomes the most efficient one for them. multiple strategies are available in a child's repertoire, they are competing for use, with time, the best strategy win. but it is not like the best strategy is automatically taken up, like steps, but rather overlapping waves.

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    1. teach a few strategies at a time, teach them intensively and extensively
    2. model and explain the strategy in context
    3. model and explain again
    4. practice and trouble shoot
    5. encourage self-assessment and monitoring
    6.pump up student motivation by explaining the importance of acquiring these skills
    7. emphasize reflection over speed
    8. moderate anxiety.
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    cognitive development
    we are more implicit thinkers during infany and then we become more explicit thinkers in adulthood.
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    implicit cognition
    thought that occurs without awareness that one is thinking
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    explicit cognition
    thinking/ thought processes that we are consciously aware of. children are as good as adults in implicit knowledge, but as you get older you get better at the explicit knowledge/ cognition, begin to realize that not everything is just implicit.
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    Fuzzy Trace Theory
    people encode experiences on a continuum from verbatim/ literal accounts to more fuzzy/ gistlike recollection of something
    preschoolers perform better with verbatim accounts while 2nd graders do better with fuzzy accounts
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    fuzzy representation of information that preserves the central content but few precise details.
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    attention span
    capacity for sustaining attention to a particular stimulus or acitivty.
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    selective attention
    capacity to focus on task-relevant aspects of experience while ignoring irrelevant or distracting information. little children cant do this.
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    attentional disorder involving distractivility, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior that often leads to academic diffficultires poor self esteem and social/ emotional problems.

    if children/ or a caregiver make sure that the child chooses to do things that are intrinsically interesting to them (as applies to all people) then you can engage a kid more and make them a more engaged thinker.
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    Sustained attention
    The ability to maintain a consistent behavioral response during continuous and repetitive activity.
    young children move from task to task very quickly.
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    event memory
    long term memory for events, opening number at a concert, what you had for breakfast, this includes autobiographical memories.
developmental psych exam 3
developmental psych exam 3
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