AP Psychology: Learning

Last update by nole6989 on 04/27/2011
162523 People have viewed this Quiz
  • Share

Define: discrimination (in both classical conditioning and operant conditioning)

in classical conditioning: the subject learns to respond in a particular way to some stimuli but not to others in operant conditioning: a response is given only in the presence of reinforced stimuli, but not for stimuli that are unreinforced

View AP Psychology: Learning as Flashcard Deck

Related Quiz Content
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: extinction (in both classical conditioning and operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: After many repeated trials where the conditioned stimulus is not paired with the unconditioned stimulus, the conditioned response lessens or disappears in operant conditioning: the reduction in a response when it is no longer followed by reinforcement
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: spontaneous recovery (in classical conditioning and in operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: when the conditioned response reappears after being extinguished even though there haven't been further conditioning trials in operant conditioning: a temporary recovery in the response rate
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: adaptive value
    how useful a particular trait or ability is in helping an organism increase its chance of survival
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: taste-aversion learning
    associating a particular taste, smell, sound, sight, or touch with getting sick and therefore avoiding that specific sensory cue in the future
  • Wendy Qualls
    What points did taste-aversion learning make that challenged popular historic beliefs about classical conditioning?
    it can happen after just one trial it can happen even when illness follows the stimulus by several hours, not just seconds or minutes not all stimuli are equally prone to be cues for taste-aversion learning
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: preparedness
    Humans and some animals are biologically predisposed to make particular types of sensory stimuli (sight, smell, etc.) into conditioned and unconditioned stimuli better than other types.
  • Wendy Qualls
    Who was Little Albert?
    a nine-month-old boy whom John Watson classically conditioned to be afraid of white rats (and who then generalized that to rabbits, fur coats, and Watson's white beard)
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: operant conditioning
    When the subject performs a particular behavior, a consequence (reward or punishment) is administered to increase or decrease the incidence of that behavior in the future.
  • Wendy Qualls
    What was E.L. Thorndike's most famous experiment?
    He put cats in puzzle boxes and rewarded them with fish for escaping (by pressing levers, pulling strings, etc.); he showed that the cats got quicker at escaping over repeated trials.
  • Wendy Qualls
    Define: operant response
    a response that can be modified by consequences and is a meaningful, measurable unit of behavior
  • Wendy Qualls
    What is a Skinner box?
    (also called an operant conditioning chamber) a box big enough for a rat or another organism, which includes a food-delivery mechanism and (usually) a lever, button, or other operandum which can measure a behavior
AP Psychology  Learning
AP Psychology: Learning
Total Views: 162523
to review the basic concepts of learning in preparation for the AP Psychology exam