AP Psychology: Learning

Last update by nole6989 on 04/27/2011
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Define: neutral stimulus

a stimulus that causes a sensory response but does not produce the behavior being tested

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    Define: unconditioned stimulus
    a stimulus that triggers a physiological reflex (like blinking or salivating)
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    Define: unconditioned response
    an innate, unlearned, involuntary reflex (such as salivating or blinking) elicited by the unconditioned stimulus
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    Define: conditioned stimulus
    a formerly neutral stimulus that has acquired the ability to elicit the desired response
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    Define: conditioned response
    response to the conditioned stimulus
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    Define: generalization (in both classical conditioning and operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: a tendency for something that is similar to a conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response in operant conditioning: the subject gives the same response to similar stimuli
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    Define: discrimination (in both classical conditioning and operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: the subject learns to respond in a particular way to some stimuli but not to others in operant conditioning: a response is given only in the presence of reinforced stimuli, but not for stimuli that are unreinforced
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    Define: extinction (in both classical conditioning and operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: After many repeated trials where the conditioned stimulus is not paired with the unconditioned stimulus, the conditioned response lessens or disappears in operant conditioning: the reduction in a response when it is no longer followed by reinforcement
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    Define: spontaneous recovery (in classical conditioning and in operant conditioning)
    in classical conditioning: when the conditioned response reappears after being extinguished even though there haven't been further conditioning trials in operant conditioning: a temporary recovery in the response rate
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    how useful a particular trait or ability is in helping an organism increase its chance of survival
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    Define: taste-aversion learning
    associating a particular taste, smell, sound, sight, or touch with getting sick and therefore avoiding that specific sensory cue in the future
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    What points did taste-aversion learning make that challenged popular historic beliefs about classical conditioning?
    it can happen after just one trial it can happen even when illness follows the stimulus by several hours, not just seconds or minutes not all stimuli are equally prone to be cues for taste-aversion learning
AP Psychology  Learning
AP Psychology: Learning
Total Views: 162484
to review the basic concepts of learning in preparation for the AP Psychology exam