chapter 16

Last update by Shanal on 10/20/2013
269727 People have viewed this Quiz
  • Share

What determines the nucleotide sequence of the newly synthesized strand during DNA replication?

A) the particular DNA polymerase catalyzing the reaction

B) the relative amounts of the four nucleoside triphosphates in the cell

C) the nucleotide sequence of the template strand

D) the primase used in the reaction

E) both A and D

Answer:
C) the nucleotide sequence of the template strand

View chapter 16 as Flashcard Deck

Related Quiz Content
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    What is the function of DNA polymerase?

    A) to unwind the DNA helix during replication

    B) to seal together the broken ends of DNA strands

    C) to add nucleotides to the end of a growing DNA strand

    D) to degrade damaged DNA molecules

    E) to rejoin the two DNA strands (one new and one old) after replication
    C) to add nucleotides to the end of a growing DNA strand
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    Which of the following is least related to the others on the list?

    A) Okazaki fragments

    B) replication fork

    C) telomerase

    D) DNA polymerase

    E) semiconservative model

    C) telomerase
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    You briefly expose bacteria undergoing DNA replication to radioactively labeled nucleotides. When you centrifuge the DNA isolated from the bacteria, the DNA separates into two classes. One class of labeled DNA includes very large molecules (thousands or even millions of nucleotides long), and the other includes short stretches of DNA (several hundred to a few thousand nucleotides in length). These two classes of DNA probably represent

    A) leading strands and Okazaki fragments.

    B) lagging strands and Okazaki fragments.

    C) Okazaki fragments and RNA primers.

    D) leading strands and RNA primers.

    E) RNA primers and mitochondrial DNA.
    A) leading strands and Okazaki fragments
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    Removes the RNA nucleotides from the primer and adds equivalent DNA nucleotides to the 3' end of Okazaki fragments

    A.helicase


    B.nuclease


    C.ligase


    D.DNA polymerase I


    E.primase

    D.DNA polymerase I
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    A.helicase

    B.nuclease

    C.ligase

    D.DNA polymerase I

    E.primase

    separates the DNA strands during replication

    A.helicase
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    A.helicase

    B.nuclease

    C.ligase

    D.DNA polymerase I

    E.primase

    covalently connects segments of DNA

    C.ligase
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    Synthesizes short segments of RNA

    A.helicase


    B.nuclease


    C.ligase


    D.DNA polymerase I


    E.primase

    E.primase
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    DNA-cutting enzymes used in the repair of DNA damage

    A. Helicase


    B. Nuclease


    C. Ligase


    D. DNA polymerase I


    E. primase

    B.nuclease
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    The difference between ATP and the nucleoside triphosphates used during DNA synthesis is that


    A) the nucleoside triphosphates have the sugar deoxyribose; ATP has the sugar ribose.


    B) the nucleoside triphosphates have two phosphate groups; ATP has three phosphate groups.


    C) ATP contains three high-energy bonds; the nucleoside triphosphates have two.


    D) ATP is found only in human cells; the nucleoside triphosphates are found in all animal and plant cells.


    E) triphosphate monomers are active in the nucleoside triphosphates, but not in ATP
    A) the nucleoside triphosphates have the sugar deoxyribose; ATP has the sugar ribose
  • yosay
    Answered in chapter 16

    The Y-shaped structure where the DNA double helix is actively unwound during DNA replication is called the


    A) replication fork.


    B) replication Y.


    C) elongation junction.


    D) unwinding point.


    E) Y junction
    A) replication fork