Skeletal System

Last update by mayur on 04/01/2014
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Answer:
First Cervical Vertebra-supports the head

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    Axis
    2nd Cervical Vertebra. It has tooth like peg called the odontoid process, on which the atlas, carrying the skull, rotates forming a pivot joint.
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    Transverse Foramen
    Located on the Transverse processes, this is where arteries pass to the brain(vertebral arteries) This is located in the first cervical Vertebra
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    Sacrum
    Triangular structure, composed of five fused vertebrae, forms the base of the vertebral column.
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    coccyx
    tailbone, lowest part of the vertebral column, composed of four fused vertebrae
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    Thoracic Cage
    includes, ribs, the thoracic vertebrae, the sternum & the costal cartilages that attach the ribs to the sternum.
    *Support pectoral girdle & upper limbs, protect the viscera in the thoracic & upper abdominal cavities & play a role in breathing.
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    Transverse process
    Project laterally on each side of the vertebrae
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    Laminae
    broad, boney plates arise from the pedicles & fuse to form the spinous process.
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    Vertebrosternal
    True ribs- 7 pair, joins sternum directly by costal cartilages
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    Vertebrochondral
    3 pair- join cartilages of the seventh rib(also called false ribs)
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    Vertebral(floating)
    2 pair(sometimes 3 pair)No cartilaginous attachments to the sternum, connects to the vertebral column
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    Head (of the rib)
    enlargement on the posterior end of the shaft of the rib. It articulates with the body of its own vertebra & usually the one above.
Skeletal System
Skeletal System
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