Discuss the importance of crossing-over and independent assortment.
Crossing-over and Independent assortment promote variation. During prophase of meiosis, crossing-over results in chromosomes that have some genes from one parent and some genes from the other parent.
Individuals contain two sets of each chromosome but gametes contain only one set. For each homologous pair of chromosomes, one chromosome will be randomly selected for each gamete formed (independent assortment).
Variation is neccesary for natural selection!