AP Psychology Chapter 1

Last update by Michael on 01/17/2013
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17.

Which procedure helps to ensure that the participants in a survey are representative of a larger population?

A)

random assignment

B)

replication

C)

correlation

D)

naturalistic observation

E)

random sampling

Answer:

E)

random sampling

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    18.

    Which of the following is most useful for helping survey researchers avoid false generalizations?

    A)

    the case study

    B)

    naturalistic observation

    C)

    random sampling

    D)

    operational definitions

    E)

    standard deviations.

    C)

    random sampling

  • starfish 1301

    19.

    In order to describe the behavior of animals in their native habitats, researchers are most likely to make use of

    A)

    survey research.

    B)

    the double-blind procedure.

    C)

    random assignment.

    D)

    experimental methods.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.

  • starfish 1301

    20.

    In order to study the development of relationships, Dr. Rajiv carefully observed and recorded patterns of verbal and nonverbal behaviors among men and women in singles bars. Which research method did Dr. Rajiv employ?

    A)

    naturalistic observation

    B)

    replication

    C)

    the survey

    D)

    the case study

    E)

    experimentation

    A. naturalistic observation
  • starfish 1301

    21.

    Correlational research is most useful for purposes of

    A)

    explanation.

    B)

    prediction.

    C)

    control.

    D)

    replication.

    E)

    experimentation.

    B. Prediction
  • starfish 1301

    22.

    A correlation coefficient is a measure of the

    A)

    difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.

    B)

    average squared deviation of scores from a sample mean.

    C)

    direction and strength of the relationship between two variables.

    D)

    statistical significance of a difference between two sample means.

    E)

    frequency of scores at each level of some measure.

    C)

    direction and strength of the relationship between two variables.

  • starfish 1301

    23.

    Which of the following statistical measures is most helpful for indicating the extent to which high school grades predict college grades?

    A)

    standard deviation

    B)

    mean

    C)

    median

    D)

    correlation coefficient

    E)

    range

    D)

    correlation coefficient

  • starfish 1301

    24.

    To graphically represent the correlation between two variables, researchers often construct a

    A)

    skewed distribution.

    B)

    scatterplot.

    C)

    standard deviation.

    D)

    bar graph.

    E)

    pie chart.

    B)

    scatterplot.

  • starfish 1301

    25.

    If the correlation between the physical weight and reading ability of children is +0.85, this would indicate that

    A)

    there is very little statistical relationship between weight and reading ability among children.

    B)

    low body weight has a negative effect on the reading abilities of children.

    C)

    better reading ability is associated with greater physical weight among children.

    D)

    body weight has no causal influence on the reading abilities of children.

    E)

    weight is a causal variable dependent on reading ability.

    C)

    better reading ability is associated with greater physical weight among children.

  • starfish 1301

    26.

    If psychologists discovered that wealthy people are less satisfied with their marriages than poor people are, this would indicate that wealth and marital satisfaction are

    A)

    causally related.

    B)

    negatively correlated.

    C)

    independent variables.

    D)

    dependent variables.

    E)

    positively correlated.

    B)

    negatively correlated.

  • starfish 1301

    27.

    If college graduates typically earn more money than high school graduates, this would indicate that level of education and income are

    A)

    causally related.

    B)

    positively correlated.

    C)

    independent variables.

    D)

    dependent variables.

    E)

    negatively correlated.

    B)

    positively correlated.

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    28.

    To discover the extent to which economic status can be used to predict political preferences, researchers are most likely to use

    A)

    the case study approach.

    B)

    naturalistic observation.

    C)

    correlational measures.

    D)

    experimental research.

    E)

    random assignment.

    C)

    correlational measures.