AP Psychology Chapter 1

Last update by Michael on 01/17/2013
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12.

The biggest danger of relying on case-study evidence is that it

A)

is based on naturalistic observation.

B)

may be unrepresentative of what is generally true.

C)

overestimates the importance of operational definitions.

D)

leads us to underestimate the causal relationships between events.

E)

relies mostly on correlational rather than causational evidence.

Answer:

B)

may be unrepresentative of what is generally true.

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    13.

    A majority of respondents in a national survey agreed that “classroom prayer should not be allowed in public schools.” Only 33 percent of respondents in a similar survey agreed that “classroom prayer in public schools should be banned.” These divergent findings best illustrate the importance of

    A)

    an illusion of control.

    B)

    the hindsight bias.

    C)

    the false consensus effect.

    D)

    random assignment.

    E)

    wording effects.

    E. Wording efffects
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    14.

    Which research method would be most appropriate for investigating the relationship between the religious beliefs of Americans and their attitudes toward abortion?

    A)

    the survey

    B)

    naturalistic observation

    C)

    the case study

    D)

    experimentation

    E)

    random assignment

    A. The survey
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    15.

    The false consensus effect refers to the tendency to

    A)

    perceive a relationship where none exists.

    B)

    generalize from extreme cases.

    C)

    reject ideas that can't be scientifically tested.

    D)

    exaggerate the extent to which others agree with us.

    E)

    ignore disconfirming evidence.

    D)

    exaggerate the extent to which others agree with us.

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    16.

    The complete set of cases from which samples may be drawn is called a(n)

    A)

    control condition.

    B)

    population.

    C)

    case study.

    D)

    independent variable.

    E)

    survey.

    B)

    population.

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    17.

    Which procedure helps to ensure that the participants in a survey are representative of a larger population?

    A)

    random assignment

    B)

    replication

    C)

    correlation

    D)

    naturalistic observation

    E)

    random sampling

    E)

    random sampling

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    18.

    Which of the following is most useful for helping survey researchers avoid false generalizations?

    A)

    the case study

    B)

    naturalistic observation

    C)

    random sampling

    D)

    operational definitions

    E)

    standard deviations.

    C)

    random sampling

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    19.

    In order to describe the behavior of animals in their native habitats, researchers are most likely to make use of

    A)

    survey research.

    B)

    the double-blind procedure.

    C)

    random assignment.

    D)

    experimental methods.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.

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    20.

    In order to study the development of relationships, Dr. Rajiv carefully observed and recorded patterns of verbal and nonverbal behaviors among men and women in singles bars. Which research method did Dr. Rajiv employ?

    A)

    naturalistic observation

    B)

    replication

    C)

    the survey

    D)

    the case study

    E)

    experimentation

    A. naturalistic observation
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    21.

    Correlational research is most useful for purposes of

    A)

    explanation.

    B)

    prediction.

    C)

    control.

    D)

    replication.

    E)

    experimentation.

    B. Prediction
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    22.

    A correlation coefficient is a measure of the

    A)

    difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.

    B)

    average squared deviation of scores from a sample mean.

    C)

    direction and strength of the relationship between two variables.

    D)

    statistical significance of a difference between two sample means.

    E)

    frequency of scores at each level of some measure.

    C)

    direction and strength of the relationship between two variables.

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    23.

    Which of the following statistical measures is most helpful for indicating the extent to which high school grades predict college grades?

    A)

    standard deviation

    B)

    mean

    C)

    median

    D)

    correlation coefficient

    E)

    range

    D)

    correlation coefficient