AP Psychology Chapter 1

Last update by Michael on 01/17/2013
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8.

A specification of how a researcher measures a research variable is known as a(n)

A)

standard deviation.

B)

control condition.

C)

replication.

D)

operational definition.

E)

observation.

Answer:

D)

operational definition.

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    9.

    An experiment was designed to study the potential impact of alcohol consumption on emotional stability. A specification of the procedures used to measure emotional stability illustrates

    A)

    the independent variable.

    B)

    an operational definition.

    C)

    the double-blind procedure.

    D)

    random assignment.

    E)

    the dependent variable.

    B)

    an operational definition.

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    10.

    Replication involves

    A)

    the selection of random samples.

    B)

    perceiving order in random events.

    C)

    repeating an earlier research study.

    D)

    rejecting ideas that cannot be scientifically tested.

    E)

    overestimating the extent to which others share our views.

    C)

    repeating an earlier research study.

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    11.

    To understand the unusual behavior of an adult client, a clinical psychologist carefully investigates the client's current life situation and his physical, social-cultural, and educational history. Which research method has the psychologist used?

    A)

    the survey

    B)

    the case study

    C)

    experimentation

    D)

    naturalistic observation

    E)

    correlation

    B)

    the case study

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    12.

    The biggest danger of relying on case-study evidence is that it

    A)

    is based on naturalistic observation.

    B)

    may be unrepresentative of what is generally true.

    C)

    overestimates the importance of operational definitions.

    D)

    leads us to underestimate the causal relationships between events.

    E)

    relies mostly on correlational rather than causational evidence.

    B)

    may be unrepresentative of what is generally true.

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    13.

    A majority of respondents in a national survey agreed that “classroom prayer should not be allowed in public schools.” Only 33 percent of respondents in a similar survey agreed that “classroom prayer in public schools should be banned.” These divergent findings best illustrate the importance of

    A)

    an illusion of control.

    B)

    the hindsight bias.

    C)

    the false consensus effect.

    D)

    random assignment.

    E)

    wording effects.

    E. Wording efffects
  • starfish 1301

    14.

    Which research method would be most appropriate for investigating the relationship between the religious beliefs of Americans and their attitudes toward abortion?

    A)

    the survey

    B)

    naturalistic observation

    C)

    the case study

    D)

    experimentation

    E)

    random assignment

    A. The survey
  • starfish 1301

    15.

    The false consensus effect refers to the tendency to

    A)

    perceive a relationship where none exists.

    B)

    generalize from extreme cases.

    C)

    reject ideas that can't be scientifically tested.

    D)

    exaggerate the extent to which others agree with us.

    E)

    ignore disconfirming evidence.

    D)

    exaggerate the extent to which others agree with us.

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    16.

    The complete set of cases from which samples may be drawn is called a(n)

    A)

    control condition.

    B)

    population.

    C)

    case study.

    D)

    independent variable.

    E)

    survey.

    B)

    population.

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    17.

    Which procedure helps to ensure that the participants in a survey are representative of a larger population?

    A)

    random assignment

    B)

    replication

    C)

    correlation

    D)

    naturalistic observation

    E)

    random sampling

    E)

    random sampling

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    18.

    Which of the following is most useful for helping survey researchers avoid false generalizations?

    A)

    the case study

    B)

    naturalistic observation

    C)

    random sampling

    D)

    operational definitions

    E)

    standard deviations.

    C)

    random sampling

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    19.

    In order to describe the behavior of animals in their native habitats, researchers are most likely to make use of

    A)

    survey research.

    B)

    the double-blind procedure.

    C)

    random assignment.

    D)

    experimental methods.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.

    E)

    naturalistic observation.