AP Psychology Prologue

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23.

The cognitive perspective in psychology focuses on how

A)

feelings are influenced by blood chemistry.

B)

people try to understand their own unconscious motives.

C)

behavior is influenced by environmental conditions.

D)

people encode, process, store, and retrieve information.

E)

how behaviors and thinking vary across cultures.

Answer:
D. people encode, process, store, and retrieve information.

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    24.

    Professor Crisman believes that most women prefer tall and physically strong partners because this preference enhanced the survival of our ancestors' genes. This viewpoint best illustrates the ________ perspective.

    A)

    social-cultural

    B)

    behavioral

    C)

    cognitive

    D)

    evolutionary

    E)

    psychodynamic

    D)

    evolutionary

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    25.

    The distinctive feature of the psychodynamic perspective is its emphasis on

    A)=

    natural selection.

    B)

    brain chemistry.

    C)

    unconscious conflicts.

    D)

    learned behaviors.

    E)

    introspection.

    C)

    unconscious conflicts.

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    26.

    Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses?

    A)

    evolutionary

    B)

    neuroscience

    C)

    behavioral

    D)

    behavior genetics

    E)

    psychodynamic

    C. Behavioral
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    27.

    Which perspective is most directly concerned with how the physical properties of the brain influence behaviors and mental states?

    A)

    cognitive

    B)

    social-cultural

    C)

    psychodynamic

    D)

    behavioral

    E)

    neuroscience

    E. Neuroscience
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    28.

    Professor Reed attempts to assess the relative contributions of heredity and home environment on children's susceptibility to depression. Her research best illustrates the concerns of the ________ perspective.

    A)

    psychodynamic

    B)

    behavior genetics

    C)

    cognitive

    D)

    humanistic

    E)

    behavioral

    B. Behavior genetics
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    29.

    Which psychological perspective highlights the manner in which people encode, process, store, and retrieve information?

    A)

    cognitive

    B)

    psychodynamic

    C)

    behavioral

    D)

    behavior genetics

    E)

    evolutionary

    A. Cognitive
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    30.

    Dr. MacPherson believes that the way students organize and think about the information in their textbooks will strongly influence their ability to later remember and use what they have studied. Dr. MacPherson's ideas most directly exemplify the ________ perspective.

    A)

    social-cultural

    B)

    cognitive

    C)

    psychodynamic

    D)

    behavior genetics

    E)

    neuroscience

    B. Cognitive
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    31.

    Dr. Kozak has concluded that the unusually low incidence of alcoholism among citizens of a small African country can be attributed to strong fundamentalistic religious influences in that region. This belief best illustrates a(n) ________ perspective.

    A)

    behavior genetics

    B)

    evolutionary

    C)

    psychodynamic

    D)

    neuroscience

    E)

    social-cultural

    E. Social- cultural
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    32.

    Which perspective would focus on the extent to which different styles of parenting are encouraged among various ethnic communities?

    A)

    evolutionary

    B)

    cognitive

    C)

    psychodynamic

    D)

    social-cultural

    E)

    neuroscience

    D. Social-cultural
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    33.

    A theoretical perspective in psychology can be like a two-dimensional view of a three-dimensional object because each perspective is

    A)

    limited in its scope.

    B)

    likely to contradict other perspectives.

    C)

    based on assumptions shared by other perspectives.

    D)

    of little value for applied research.

    E)

    impossible to test scientifically.

    A. Limited in its scope
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    34.

    Dr. Robinson conducts basic research on the relationship between brain chemistry and intellectual functioning. Which psychological specialty does Dr. Robinson's research best represent?

    A)

    social psychology

    B)

    clinical psychology

    C)

    biological psychology

    D)

    industrial/organizational psychology

    E)

    developmental psychology

    C. Biological psychology