The son of King Henry VII, he became heir apparent to the throne when his older brother, Arthur, died. Not only did Henry inherit Arthur's position but also his wife, the youngest daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand, Cathrine of Aragon. Henry was officially crowned in 1509, and reined until his death in 1547. One of the things that he is most famous for, is the formation of the Anglican church, which he created when the Pope would not grant him a divorce from Cathrine. Henry is also well known for being a womanizer, having not only six wives but also numerous mistresses. Despite this, Henry only had three heirs, Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth, all three of whom reigned at some point over England.
Henry VIII was the king of England during the Reformation. He was the creator of the Anglican Church. This is because in the Catholic Church someone could not get divorced. He wanted to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon because she did not produce a male heir.