Philosophy Final Exam

Last update by rdever on 05/04/2010
21898 People have viewed this Quiz
  • Share

Sentence vs. proposition

Answer:

-sentences are the physical marking of words/phrases on paper, or the vibration of sounds in the air. Ex: You are hungry (Malcom pointing to Andrew)

-propositions are what sentences mean (what they are about, what the world must be like in order for them to be true). Ex: You are hungry (Andrew pointing to Malcom) same sent diff prop

View Philosophy Final Exam as Flashcard Deck

Related Quiz Content
  • rdever
    Contextualism about knowledge
    -Deny all 3 are compatible: contextualism believes that the word “knows” means and has different standards of meaning; (1) seems to use “know” in the lower standard, and (2) is in the higher standard
  • rdever
    The conservative view of consistency and rationality

    -conservative view: consistency is essential to rationality. It’s always irrational to have an inconsistent plurality of beliefs.

    -inconsistency: a plurality of beliefs is inconsistent iff it’s logically impossible for each member of the plurality to be true. This doesn’t imply a contradiction (P ^ ~P).

  • rdever
    The compositional fallacy
    -occurs when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole.
  • rdever
    The classic Judeo-Christian conception of God

    -God is a maximally perfect being that is omnipotent, omniscient, and morally perfect.

    -His attributes imply that he has a necessary and eternal existence, he is simplistic, he has no physical body, and he can not change based upon external influences.

  • rdever
    The Cartesian conception of omnipotence

    -it’s blasphemous to think that God is incapable of bringing about impossible states-of-affairs,

    Horrible to think that our imagination extends as far as his power; God can create a stone that he can’t lift

    -denies thesis about capability and possibility: whatever can be done is possible to bring about

  • rdever
    The Thomistic conception of omnipotence (Mavrodes)

    -it’s logically impossible for god to create a stone he can’t lift, and so there’s no threat to God’s

    Omnipotence; Reasoning: Athiest assumes that god is omnipotent or isn’t. if he isn’t then god’s creating a stone that he can’t lift isn’t logically impossible; but the atheist simply can’t assume that god’s not omnipotent, b/c that’s what he’s set out to prove. If god is omnipotent,

  • rdever
    Divine foreknowledge
    -If god is omniscient, then he knows every true proposition. There are true propositions that even we know about (ex: that the sun will rise tomorrow); these are prepositions about something that “will be the case”; therefore, god has knowledge about the future (foreknowledge);
  • rdever
    The fixity of the past
    -fixity of the past: If god knew yesterday that p, it is now necessary that God yesterday knew that P.
  • rdever
    The principle of alternative possibilities
    -If I could not have done otherwise than drop the chalk, then I did not freely drop the chalk. (you must be able to do otherwise) (its a necessary condition on you freely doing something that you could've done otherwise)
  • rdever
    Frankfurt counterexamples
    -counterxample to the principle of alternative possibilites;
    -if the door is locked, but you choose to stay in the room, then it appears that you freely chose to stay in the room, even though you couldn't have done otherwise
  • rdever
    Eternality vs. timelessness
    -eternality: god is within time, existing at all times
    -timelesness: god is 'out' of time (not even in time).