Criminal Justice

Last update by michaelfs777 on 03/04/2013
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Absolute Ethics

Answer:
an issue has 2 sides- something is either good or bad

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  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    relative ethics
    much more complicated form of ethics- one person may think one thing is ethical while another doesnt
    - not all issues are clear cut
    - DOUBLE EFFECT --> commit an act to achieve good even though an inevitable but intended effect is negative the negative act might be justified
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Herbert Packer
    2 models of law enforcement1. crime control --> repression of criminal conduct is most important function for police and police efficiency
    2. Due process model --> efficiency is less important than eliminating errors/protection of the process of the law is more important than any end result of conviction
    - noble cause corruption --> when police lie about their actions so they can accomplish and solve crime
    - they are done for arguable good reasons
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    COPPS
    -sometimes recieve more gratuities because they are more connected to the community- should they receive free coffee/meals?
    - Slippery Slope Perspective --> acceptance may lead to further deviance and unethical conduct
    - BUT would it be rude not to accept the gift?
    - extremely complicated topic and issue
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
    - acts as an official representative of government who is required and trusted to work within the law- police officer must perform all duties with No BIAS
    - Police officer must use discretion and exercise it within the law
    - police officer will never employ unneccessary use of force
    - must keep complete confidentiality
    - will NOT engage in acts of corruption or bribery
    - Must be responsible for their own standard of professionalism
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Use of Force
    - 3 legitimate and responsive forms of force1. right of self-defense
    2. power to control those for who they are responsible for (prisoner)
    3. unrestricted authority of police use of force
    - Egon Bittner definition --> distribution of non-negotiably coercive remedies
    - above all making use of the authority to overpower resistance
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Use of Force Continuums
    1. Officer presence and verbal direction2. touch control --> placing a hand
    3. Empty-hand tactics and chemicals --> pepper spray
    4. Tasers and impact weapons--> there is active aggression a police officer can use more mechanical pressure at specific points on a persons body
    5. Deadly Force --> using a shot gun/rifle or another means of aggravated aggression because the individual is attempting to use deadly force against the officer

    - MANY departments and agencies have adopted to the CIRCULAR USE-OF-FORCE
    -places force options in random order depending on the situation

  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Contagious shootings
    gun fire that spreads among officers who believe their collegues are facing a threatoften leads to an outcry by the community of family members
    - incidents involving minority group members will often heighten the tension
    -officers that purposely target minorities are a small percentage but they are protected by other police/law
    - citizens are not given:
    - number of people killed by police
    - number of times police use excessive force
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Legal RestrictionsTENNESSEE V GARNER
    1985- stopped common use of deadly force
    - ruled that it was unconstitutional to use deadly force against ALL suspects
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Police Brutality
    - 3 ways police can be brutal1. physical abuse
    2. verbal abuse
    3. police themselves can symbolize brutality to some because represent laws that contribute to discrimination
    - brutality is under control by the individual police state
    - citizens view police brutality in many different ways
    - abusive language to physical violence
    - it is impossible to know the extent or amount of brutality police use each time or ever
    there are "low visibility acts" which many citizens decide not to report
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Vehicle Pursuits
    - 2007 supreme court decision about deadly force and vehicle chances- police are allowed to crash/use force to stop a car chase that could harm innocent bystanders without violating the suspects 4th amendment
  • toriatrue
    Answered in Criminal Justice
    Bias-Based Policing and other field tactics
    - "driving while black or brown" DWBB- unequal treatment of any person on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation
    - all races are equally likely to be pulled over
    - only black and hispanics are more likely to be searched and arrested
    - police base it off of PROBABILITIES NOT PREJUDICE
    - statistical reality that certain people are more likely to commit crimes
    - best defense is to collect data
    - helps determine if officers are stopping and searching
    disproportionate numbers of minorities