Epidemiology

Last update by Shanal on 08/15/2013
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Causation and Association

Answer:
§Epidemiology does not determine the cause of a disease in a given individual §Instead, it determines the relationship or association between a given exposure and frequency of disease in populations §We infer causation based upon the association and several other factors

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    Criteria for Causality
    Consistency Strength of association Specificity Temporal relationship Coherence
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    Consistency
    §The association is consistent and always occurs in the same direction
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    Strength of association
    §The greater the correlation, the greater the possibility of causation
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    Specificity
    The supposed cause always results in the same effect
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    Temporal relationship
    §The supposed cause always occurs before the supposed effect
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    Coherence
    The supposition that one event causes another is coherent with other existing knowledge
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    Risk
    §The probability that a given individual will develop a specific condition.
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    Elements of Risk
    Susceptibility
    Exposure potential
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    Susceptibility
    The ability to be affected by factors contributing to a particular health condition
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    Exposure potential
    The likelihood of exposure to factors that contribute to a particular condition.
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    Relative Risk Ratio
    the difference in the probability of developing a given condition for those with a particular risk factor compared to those without the factor.
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
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