Exam One Study Guide

Last update by Madison on 09/16/2013
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23.

Providing children with a safe haven in times of stress contributes most directly to

A)

conservation.

B)

stranger anxiety.

C)

object permanence.

D)

secure attachment.

Answer:

D)

secure attachment.

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    24.

    As a child observes, liquid is transferred from a tall, thin tube into a short, wide jar. The child is asked if there is now less liquid in order to determine if she has mastered

    A)

    the schema for liquids.

    B)

    the concept of object permanence.

    C)

    the concept of conservation.

    D)

    the ability to reason abstractly.


    C)

    the concept of conservation.

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    25.

    Which of the following is an example of a secondary sex characteristic?

    A)

    female ovaries

    B)

    male facial hair

    C)

    the male grip

    D)

    female height


    B)

    male facial hair

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    26.

    People experience rapid physical growth and sexual maturation during

    A)

    late adolescence.

    B)

    puberty.

    C)

    the preoperational stage.

    D)

    late childhood.


    B)

    puberty.

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    27.

    Two characteristics of authoritarian parents are that they

    A)

    expect obedience but are responsive to their children's needs.

    B)

    submit to their children's desires but are unresponsive in times of need.

    C)

    impose rules and expect obedience.

    D)

    exert control by setting rules and explaining the reasons for those rules.


    C)

    impose rules and expect obedience.

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    28.

    Parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be

    A)

    authoritarian.

    B)

    conservative.

    C)

    permissive.

    D)

    authoritative.


    D)

    authoritative.

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    29.

    According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents ________ morality.

    A)

    conventional

    B)

    preconventional

    C)

    concrete operational

    D)

    postconventional


    B)

    preconventional

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    30.

    Avoiding physical punishment is to ________ morality as respecting the laws of society is to ________ morality.

    A)

    conventional; postconventional

    B)

    preconventional; postconventional

    C)

    conventional; preconventional

    D)

    preconventional; conventional


    D)

    preconventional; conventional

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    31.

    Sixteen-year-old Brenda questions her parents' values but does not fully accept her friends' standards either. Her confusion about what she really wants and values in life suggests that Brenda is struggling with the problem of

    A)

    autonomy.

    B)

    identity.

    C)

    initiative.

    D)

    integrity.


    B)

    identity

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    32.

    After a series of unfulfilling relationships, 30-year-old Carlos tells a friend that he doesn't want to marry because he is afraid of losing his freedom and independence. Erikson would say that Carlos is having difficulty with the psychosocial task of

    A)

    trust versus mistrust.

    B)

    autonomy versus doubt.

    C)

    intimacy versus isolation.

    D)

    identity versus role confusion.


    C)

    intimacy versus isolation.

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    33.

    According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the

    A)

    toddler.

    B)

    preschooler.

    C)

    elementary schoolchild.

    D)

    adolescent.


    D)

    adolescent.