Exam One Study Guide

Last update by Madison on 09/16/2013
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11.

A periodic, natural loss of consciousness that involves five distinct stages is known as

A)

the circadian rhythm.

B)

narcolepsy.

C)

dissociation.

D)

sleep.

Answer:

D)

sleep.

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    12.

    People who claim to have been abducted by space aliens—often shortly after going to bed—commonly recall being floated off their beds. It is most likely that they have incorporated ________ into their memories.

    A)

    sleep spindles

    B)

    narcolepsy

    C)

    hypnagogic sensations

    D)

    sleep apnea


    C)

    hypnagogic sensations

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    13.

    During the course of a full night's sleep, people are most likely to spend more time in

    A)

    Stage 4 sleep than in Stage 2 sleep.

    B)

    REM sleep than in Stage 4 sleep.

    C)

    Stage 3 sleep than in REM sleep.

    D)

    REM sleep than in Stage 2 sleep.


    B)

    REM sleep than in Stage 4 sleep.

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    14.

    At 3 o'clock in the morning, John has already slept for 4 hours. As long as his sleep continues, we can expect an increasing occurrence of

    A)

    hypnagogic sensations.

    B)

    muscle tension.

    C)

    REM sleep.

    D)

    Stage 4 sleep.


    C)

    REM sleep.

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    16.

    A recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur is known as ________ sleep.

    A)

    Stage 2

    B)

    Stage 3

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    Stage 4

    D)

    REM


    D)

    REM

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    17.

    After sleeping for about an hour and a half, José enters a phase of paradoxical sleep. He is likely to

    A)

    be easily awakened.

    B)

    have slower, more regular breathing.

    C)

    have slower brain waves.

    D)

    have very relaxed muscles.


    D)

    have very relaxed muscles.

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    18.

    Three hours after going to sleep, Shoshanna's heart rate increases, her breathing becomes more rapid, and her eyes move rapidly under her closed lids. Research suggests that Shoshanna is

    A)

    dreaming.

    B)

    ready to sleepwalk.

    C)

    exhibiting a sleep spindle.

    D)

    experiencing a night terror.


    A)

    dreaming.

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    19.

    The human sleep cycle repeats itself about every

    A)

    30 minutes.

    B)

    90 minutes.

    C)

    2 1/2 hours.

    D)

    4 hours.


    B)

    90 minutes.

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    20.

    Sleep deprivation has been shown to

    A)

    increase attentiveness to highly motivating tasks.

    B)

    reduce hypertension.

    C)

    diminish immunity to disease.

    D)

    decrease narcolepsy.


    C)

    diminish immunity to disease.

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    21.

    A recurring difficulty in falling or staying asleep is called

    A)

    narcolepsy.

    B)

    insomnia.

    C)

    sleep apnea.

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    paradoxical sleep.


    B)

    insomnia.

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    22.

    During a heated argument with his teenage daughter, Mr. Reid suddenly lapsed into a state of REM sleep. Mr. Reid apparently suffers from

    A)

    narcolepsy.

    B)

    insomnia.

    C)

    sleep apnea.

    D)

    REM rebound.


    A)

    narcolepsy.