Chapter 2 AP Gov - The Constitution

Last update by kelly1.mead on 01/11/2016
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Separation of Powers

A way of dividing the power of the govt among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Each staffed separately, with equality and independence.

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    The legislative branch
    The Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.
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    The executive branch.

    Found in Article II. The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet. The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise.

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    The Judicial Branch
    Found in article 3. Where the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
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    Judicial Review
    The power of the Supreme Court to decide whether a law enacted by a legislature is constitutional or not.
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    Enumerated powers
    Seventeen specific powers granted to Congress under Article 1, section 8 of the Constitution.
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    Necessary and Proper Clause
    Gives Congress the authority to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the enumerated powers. Also called the elastic clause.
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    Implied Powers
    Powers derived from the enumerated powers and the necessary and proper clause. Theses powers are not stated specifically but are considered to be reasonably implied.
Chapter 2 AP Gov   The Constitution
Chapter 2 AP Gov - The Constitution
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