Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes. However, the fragments will reseal "inside out." These little vesicles that result can still transfer electrons from NADH to oxygen and synthesize ATP. If the membranes are agitated still further however, the ability to synthesize ATP is lost.
After the first disruption, when electron transfer and ATP synthesize still occur, what must be present?
a. all of the electron transport proteins as well as ATP synthase
b. all of the electron transport system and the ability to add CoA to acetyl groups
c. the ATP synthase system is sufficient
d. the electron transport system is sufficient
e. plasma membranes like those bacteria use for respiration
A: all of the electron transport proteins as well as ATP synthase