Social Psychology

Last update by mayurcooled on 04/23/2014
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what is psychological realism?

Answer:
the extent to which the psychological processes triggered in an experiment are similar to psychological processes that occur in everday life.

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    a description of the purpose of a study given to participants that is different from its tru purpose; cover stories are used to maintain psychological realism.
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    Explain generalizability across people.

    social psychologists study the way in which people in general are susceptible to social influence. use replications, meta analysis.
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    what is replication?
    repeating a study, generally with different subject populations, in different settings, or by using different methods.
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    a statistical technique that averages the results of two or more studies to see if the effect of an independent variable is reliable.
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    when conducting experiments what is the trade off between internal and external validity?
    having enough control over the situation to ensure that no extraneous variables are influencing the results and to randomly assign people to conditions, and ensuring that the results can be generalized to everyday life.
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    what are field experiments?
    Experiments conducted in natural settings, rather than in the laboratory.
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    is external validity high or low in field experiments. why?

    high, it is taking place in the real world, with real people who are more diverse than a typical sample.
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    what is cross-cultural research?
    research conducted with members of different cultures to see whether the psychological processes of interest are present across cultures or whether they are specific to a single culture.
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    what is difficult about cross-cultural research?
    researchers have to guard against imposing their own viewpoints and definitions, learned from their own culture, onto another. They must also be sure that their independent and dependent variables are understood in the same way in different cultures.
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    Why do psychologists use sophisticated technologies?
    they are interested in the connection between biological processes and social behaviour.
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    what is basic research?
    Studies that are designed to find the best answer as to why people behave the way they do and that are donducted purely for reasons of intellectual curiosity.