APUSH 24

Last update by Megan on 02/25/2012
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Hundred Days

Answer:
From March to June 1933, FDR pushed an extraordinary number of acts, designed to combat various aspects of the Depression, through Congress. These became known as the New Deal.

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    Established in March 1933, it was an unemployment relief effort which provided work for jobless young men in protecting and conserving the nation's natural resources. Jobs included road construction, reforestation, flood control, and national park improvement. Workers received a place to stay and $30 a month.
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    May 1933, part of the New Deal. it directly gave money to state and local governments to establish work relief projects.
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    Set up to provide immediate relief to the nation's farmers. It produced a federal role in agricultural planning and price setting. Farmers received benefit payments in return for cutting production where surpluses existed. It raised total farm income and pushed up the prices of wheat, corn, and cotton.
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    The most unique and controversial projects of the New Deal Era. It built dams and power plants, produced cheap fertilizer for farmers, and brought cheap electricity for the first time to thousands of people in 7 southern states
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    1933 act passed on the last of the "Hundred Days" that was meant to be a systematic plan to stimulate economic recovery
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    Authorized $3.3 billion for the construction of roads, public buildings, and other projects. It provided jobs which would stimulate the economy through increased consumer spending
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    American Liberty League
    A group of conservative businessmen who organized in 1934. They held the Roosevelt administration responsible for what they considered an attack on property rights, the growing welfare state, and the decline of personal liberty. It attracted support from a group of conservative Democrats and anti New Dealers.
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    Father Charles Coughlin
    A Catholic priest in Detroit who attracted a huge national radio audience with passionate sermons attacking Wall Street, international bankers, and plutocratic capitalism. At first he supported FDR, but when he had little influence on the administration, he began to attack him. He funded the National Union for Social Justice.
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    Huey Long
    A flamboyant orator from Louisiana who posed a potential threat to FDR's leadership. As governor, he improved public education, roads, medical care, and other public services. He organized the Share Our Wealth Society. His assassination in Sept. 1935 prevented him from becoming a 3rd-party candidate for presidency.
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    Social Security Act of 1935
    Provided unemployment compensation, old-age pensions, and aid for dependent mothers, children, and the blind. It excluded over 1/4 of all workers and was funded by a payroll tax.
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    National Labor Relations Act
    Guaranteed the right of American workers to join or form independent labor unions, and bargain collectively for improved wages, benefits, and working conditions.