Which of the following court cases established the criteria for disparate impact?
A. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green
B. Griggs v. Duke Power
C. Albemarle Paper v. Moody
D. Washington v. Davis
The correct answer is B.
The case of Griggs v. Duke Power recognized disparate impact and established that it is not necessarily enough to show a lack of discriminatory intent. Washington v. Davis recognized that even if a selection tool had an adverse impact, as long as it was a valid prediction of job-related success, it could be used. Albemarle Paper v. Moody ruled that tests used for promotion or selection must be valid predictors of job success. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green established the four criteria necessary for a prima facie case for disparate treatment.